The Wildlife Fund will be operationalised by October 1, 2022, to commence compensation of victims of human-wildlife conflict, confirms Tourism, Wildlife and Antiquities Minister, Col (Rtd) Tom Butime.
This was revealed during a plenary sitting chaired by Deputy Speaker, Mr Thomas Tayebwa, on Wednesday, 24 August 2022, when the minister was responding to a matter raised by Namayingo County South Member of Parliament, Mr Michael Wanyama.
The MP raised the matter on August 11, 2022, when he said hippopotami were destroying crops in Namayingo district and the attendant risk of food insecurity in affected communities.
Col Butime said the Uganda Wildlife Compensation Scheme Regulations 2022 No.64 and the Uganda Wildlife Revenue Sharing Regulations 2022 No.65 were gazetted on August 5, 2022, to give force to the compensation scheme.
The scheme provides for compensation claims for human death, injuries or damage to property caused by a wild animal outside a protected area, as provided under Section 83 of the Uganda Wildlife Act, 2019.
The minister said that since the enactment of the Act, Uganda Wildlife Authority has put aside 2 percent of its revenue that constitutes part of the funds to support the scheme.
“These funds have to date, accumulated to over Shs900m. Other sources of funds to this scheme include appropriation by Parliament which we are yet to benefit from,” Mr Butime said.
He also told the House that the Wildlife Compensation Verification Committee responsible for verification of claims has been fully constituted and will commence work soon.
The minister attributed cases of human-wildlife conflict to human encroachment on land formerly halting wildlife, for purposes of agricultural expansion saying this has displaced many animal species.
He cited crocodiles and hippopotami as the species with the highest incidences of human-wildlife conflicts due to over-fishing and opening up of wetlands for farming purposes.
“Uganda Wildlife Authority created a human-wildlife conflict response unit that has been trained in the capture and translocation of problem crocodiles. In Namayingo, a total of 10 problem crocodiles have been moved from Lugaga, Bumeru, Dolwe and Malongo,” Mr Butime disclosed.
Mr Butime added that there are five crocodile-safe cages in Mwango 1, Butanira A, Butanira B, Mwagonda and Dolwe Island in Namayingo district to provide safe water points for community members.
However, the recent rising levels of Lake Victoria have affected the effectiveness of the cages which have been flooded.
The Bugiri District Woman MP, Ms Agnes Taaka, tasked the minister to generate a list of persons affected by human-wildlife conflict who will benefit from the compensation scheme.
“Those who are to benefit should be known. Otherwise, after the fund is operationalised, it might end up benefitting other communities who are not affected,” Ms Taaka said.
The Kanungu District Woman MP, Ms Patience Kinshaba, raised concerns about problem elephants from Queen Elizabeth National Park that vandalise food crops of locals in the neighbouring areas.
“I understand that there is a procurement process to fence the national park. The concerned ministry should expedite this process. I also pray that the affected people are provided with food items,” Ms Kinshaba said.
Ms Cecilia Ogwal, the Dokolo District Woman MP, urged government to engage in high level sensitisation of communities on how to live alongside the wildlife.
“We should invest in community protection and sustainability, as well as fencing, so that we can have preventive measures in place,” she said.